The Republic of Lithuania is an independent democratic state expressing the common will and interests of its people. The foundations of the social system are enforced by the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania adopted in 1992 by a referendum which also establishes the rights, freedoms and obligations of citizens. Under the law, sovereign state power is vested in the people of Lithuania and is exercised by the Seimas (Parliament), President of the Republic, Government and Courts.
The Seimas is a one-chamber parliament composed of 141 members elected for a four-year term. The Seimas elects its Chairman (the Speaker) and Deputy Chairmen.
The president of the Republic is the Head of State. The President represents the State of Lithuania and performs all the duties which he or she is charged with by the Constitution and laws.
The President of the Republic of Lithuania is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot for a term of five years.
The government is the highest authority of executive power. It comprises the Prime Minister and 13 Ministers. The Prime Minister is appointed or dismissed by the President of the Republic, with the approval of the Seimas. Ministers are appointed by the President of the Republic on the nomination of the Prime Minister.
Local government (www.lsa.lt)
Local self-government is organized on the basis of the administrative and territorial division of Lithuania. Districts (apskritys) are the largest local administrative units, and urban settlements and district towns constitute the lower level of local self-government, which is represented by the municipal councils (savivaldybes) elected by the local population for a period of 2 years on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
Lithuania is divided into 10 districts, which are further subdivided into 60 municipal councils.
Justice is exercised exclusively by courts. The court system in Lithuania comprises the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, county courts and district courts, made up of elected judges and assessors. Judges of these courts and of the Supreme Court are elected by the Seimas for a term of 5 years.
Cases of business disputes are heard in the Commercial Court of the Republic of Lithuania.